All materials must be written in proper and clear English or Korean. The manuscript that does not meet the ‘Instructions to Authors’ will be immediately returned to the author. Our preferred file type for manuscript submissions is Microsoft WORD format. The manuscript including tables and their footnotes, and figures legends, must be double-spaced using Times New Roman (12 point font) in A4 size (210 × 297 mm) with a margin of at least 2.5 cm on every side. The manuscript should be in the following sequence: checklist, copyright assignment, cover letter, title page, abstract and keywords, introduction, materials and methods, results, discussion, acknowledgment, references, tables, and figure legends. The title page, abstract, references, each table and figure legend should start with a new page. All pages must be numbered and each page should begin with line #1. All tables and figures are to be numbered consecutively using Arabic numerals. Their approximate positions should be indicated in the appropriate margin of the typescript. The average size of original articles is around ten (10) printed pages including table(s), figure(s) and references (doublespaced, typewritten 20 pages). A short communication and case reports are four (4) printed pages (double-spaced, typewritten 8 pages) including the figure(s) and table(s), and there is no size limitation for reviews.
Cover letterThe corresponding author must give written assurance that neither the submitted materials nor portions therefore have been published previously or are under consideration for publication elsewhere. When more than one related manuscript has been published or is under consideration for publication by this or other journals, authors are required to declare this in their letter and to enclose copies of those publications for an editorial perusal. Failure to do so may lead to automatic rejection of the submitted manuscript. The corresponding author should certify that all listed authors participated meaningfully in the study and that they have seen and approved the final manuscript.
Title pageIn the top margin of the title page of each paper, the field of the paper should be noted. This should contain the title of an article, full names of author(s) and institutional affiliation(s). If several authors, and institutionsare listed, they should be clearly indicated with which department and institution each author is affiliated. Authors’ academic degrees should not be included. Authors should in-volve an Open Researcher and Contributor Identifier (ORCID) at the title page. In separate paragraph, address for correspondence, including the name of corresponding author, address (institutional affiliation, city, zip-code and country), telephone and fax number, and e-mail address, should be given. Information concerning sources of financial support should be placed as an acknowledgment. A running title, less than ten words, should not be declarative or interrogative sentences.
- Title : Titles should be brief but informative. It is important for literature retrieval to include the key words in the title which are necessary to identify the nature of the subject matter, including the species of the animal on which the work is done. Use of expressions such as "Studies on .........." "Observation of ........." or "Effects of ......." should be avoided, since they are not sufficiently informative. Chemical formulas or abbreviations should not be used. Titles in the form of declarative or nterrogative sentences are not encouraged. Also, do not use Roman or Arabic numerals to designate that the paper is one in a series.
- Authors and Affiliation : Authors are urged to include their full names, complete with first and middle names or initials. Confusion often arises in the literature when authors are identified by surname and initials only. Authors' academic degrees should not be included. The full name of institutions and subsidiary departments should be given, together with a useful address including postal code. If several authors and institutions are listed on a paper, it should be clearly indicated with which department and institution each author is affiliated. The affiliation address in each case should be indicated by superscript.
- Running title : A brief running title should be provided, not to exceed ten words. If running title is declarative or interrogative sentences, it is not acceptable.
TextThe composition of each section is the followings.
- Abstracts : Abstract should be concise less than 200 words for original article and 100 words for short communication and case report and describe, in a paragraph, concisely purpose, methods, important results and describe conclusion of the study, but not repeat information already presented in the title. It should be suitable for direct inclusion in Index Medicus/Medline and CAB/Index Veterinarius.
- Keywords : This is a list important terms relevant to the content of paper. Up to 5 keywords should be listed at the bottom of abstract to be used as index terms. For the selection of keywords, please refer Medical Subject Heading in Index Medicus/Medline.
- Introduction : This is a brief background. It is not necessary to include all of the background literature. Brief reference to the most pertinent generally is enough to inform readers with findings of others in the field. The specific questions to be addressed the study should also described. It should not contain either authors’ result and conclusion.
- Materials and Methods : Experimentation of the experimental methods should be concise but sufficient for repetition by other qualified investigators. Procedures that have been published previously should not be described in detail, but merely cited with appropriate references. However, new or significant modifications of previously published procedures need full descriptions. The sources of special chemical(s), equipment(s) or preparation(s) should be given along with their company name and country. All chemicals and reagents should be used a generic name but not brand name. For animal experimentation reported in this Journal, it is expected that the "Guide for the care and use of laboratory animals" approved by the National Research Council(ILAR) in USA will have been observed. We encourage that the ethical guidelines of animal welfare committee should be cited. Research on humans must be approved by IRB. Please refer the Declaration of Helsinki. The selection of observational or experimental participants (healthy animals or patients, including controls) should be described, including eligibility and exclusion criteria and a description of the source population. Because the relevance of such variables as age, sex, or breed is not always known at the time of study design, researchers should aim for inclusion of representative populations into all study types and at a minimum provide descriptive data for these and other relevant demographic variables. Ensure correct use of the term sex (when reporting biological factors), unless inappropriate, report the sex of animals or cells, and describe the methods used to determine sex. If the study was done involving an exclusive population, for example in only one sex, authors should justify why, except in obvious cases (e.g., prostate cancer). Authors should define how they determined breed and justify their relevance.
- Results : This part should be included a concise textual description of the data presented in tables and figures. Repetition of the same data in different forms should be avoided. The results should not included materials appropriate to the iscussion.
- Discussion : In this section, the data should be interpreted concisely without repeating material already presented in the results section. It should be considered the results in relation to any hypotheses advanced in the introduction. This may include an evaluation of the methodology and of the relationship of new information to the knowledge in that field.
- Acknowledgments : All person who have made a genuine contribution and who endorse the data and conclusions may be included. Statements regarding sources of direct financial support (e.g., grants, fellowships, and scholarships, etc.) should appear in the Acknowledgments. Funding agencies may have specific wording requirements, and compliance with such requirements is the responsibility of the author. Authors are responsible for obtaining written permission to use any copyrighted text and/or illustration.
- Conflict of Interest : Conflict of interest exists when an author (or the author's institution), reviewer, or editor has financial or personal relationship that inappropriately influence his/her actions (such relationships are also known as dual commitments, competing interests, or competing loyalties). All authors should disclose their conflict of interest, i.e., (1) financial relationships such as employment, consultancy, stock ownership, honoraria, paid expert testimony, (2) personal relationship, (3) academic competition, and (4) intellectual passion. These conflicts of interests must be included in the acknowledgment section. Authors should explain why each interest may represent a conflict. If no conflicts exist, the authors should state this. Submitting authors are responsible for coauthors declaring their interests. In particular, all sources of funding for a study should be explicitly stated. Disclosure form shall be same with ICMJE Uniform Disclosure Form for Potential Conflicts of Interest (http://www.icmje.org/coi_disclosure.pdf). The Editor decides whether the information on the conflict should be included in the published paper. Before publishing such information, the Editor consults with the corresponding author. If the sufficient agreement with the author cannot be reached, the Korean J Vet Res follows the COPE flow chart (http://publicationethics.org/) for settlement of these issues.
- References : The references section must include all relevant published works, and all listed references must be cited in the text. Arrange the references in alphabetical order by the first author’s surname, and number the entries consecutively. The references in the text should be cited by their list number. Cite each listed reference in the text by number in brackets. The number of references should be less than forty (40). In case of short communication and case report, it must not exceed fifteen (15). Journal name should be abbreviated in accordance with the style of Index Medicus/Medline.
Follow the styles shown in the example below: EndNote Style Download
- Daminet S, Croubels S, Duchateau L, Debunne A, van Geffen C, Hoybergs Y, van Bree H, de Rick A. Influence of acetylsalicylic acid and ketoprofen on canine thyroid function tests. Vet J 2003;166:224-232.
- Aoshima K, Baba A, Makino Y, Okada Y. Establishment of alternative culture method for spermatogonial stem cells using knockout serum replacement. PLoS One 2013;8:e77715.
- Brock TD, Madigan MT. Biology of Microorganism. 5th ed. pp. 42-59, Prentice Hall, Englewood Cliffs, 1988.
- Palmer N, Jensen ML, Raine H. Tumors of Joint. In: Jubb KVF, Kennedy PC, Burke E (eds.). Pathology of Domestic Animals. 2nd ed. pp. 140-144, Academic Press, San Diego, 1993.
- Alberghina D, Amorini AM, Lazzarino G. Modulation of peripheral markers of the serotoninergic system in healthy horses. Res Vet Sci 2010. Epub ahead of print. doi: 10.1016/ j.rvsc.2010.06.023.
Table and FiguresTables should be typewritten separately from the text, double spaced, and each table should include a title. Figures should ordinarily be original drawings. However, glossy photographs of line-drawing are usually satisfactory. In each original line-drawing, letters or numbers should be left blank because they will be typed in during printing. Letters or numbers should be included in the figures contained in a submitted manuscript along with caption for figures. Figures should be submitted in final size (printed 1 : 1). They may be printed in either single column (75 mm width) or double column (165 mm width) format. The size of text in figures should be 8~10 points, except for single letter markers which may be 12 points. Numbers, letters, and symbols used in multi-paneled figures must be consistent. Authors should place explanatory matter in footnotes, not in the heading. Explain in footnotes all nonstandard abbreviations that are used in each table. For footnotes use the following symbols, in sequence: *, †, ‡, §, ||, ¶, **, ††, ††††
Draw each curve with a different kind of line (solid, dashed or dotted) or with a different symbol for the plotted points dot, triangle and square in order of ○, ●, △, ▲, □, ■, ◑ ···. All figures should be created with applications that are capable of preparing high resolution in TIFF, JPEG or PPT files acceptable for publication. Diagrams and photographs submitted in electronic format must be of the following minimum resolutions. Animal experiments also should be reviewed by an appropriate committee (IACUC) for the care and use of animals. The Editor of Korean J Vet Res may request submission of copies of IACUC approval. Also studies with pathogens requiring a high degree of biosafety should pass review of a relevant committee. When the Korean J Vet Res faces suspected cases of research and publication misconduct such as redundant (duplicate) publication, plagiarism, fraudulent or fabricated data, changes in authorship, an undisclosed conflict of interest, ethical problems with a submitted manuscript, a reviewer who has appropriated an author’s idea or data, complaints against editors, and so on, the resolution process will follow the flowchart provided by the Committee on Publication Ethics (http://publicationethics.org/resources/flowcharts). The discussion and decision on the suspected cases are carried out by the Editorial Board:
*600 dpi for photographs or halftones only, in both B/W or color
*600 dpi for photographs or halftones with line art work as insets or lettering
*1200 dpi for line art work and artwork with grayscale
All kinds of figures may be reduced, enlarged or trimmed for publication by the Editor. The figure numbers should be appeared directly at the lower left corner. Symbols, arrows, or letters used in photographs could be possible to rearrange for journal format.